Indigenous people living on or near the world's coastal areas consume nearly 15 times more seafood per capita than those living in other parts of the world, according to a new study by the Nippon Foundation-Nereus Program.
Based at the University of British Columbia, Nippon Foundation-Nereus Program researchers found in the new study that indigenous people of the world's coastlines consume nearly 2.3 million tones, or 2 per cent of the global seafood catches, per annum. Overall, world population consumed nearly 102 million tones of seafood last year.
Lead study author Andres Cisneros-Montemayor, a research associate with the UBC Institute for the Oceans & Fisheries, stressed that this sort of resource helps quantify the resources indigenous people depend on.
Cisneros-Montemayor and his colleagues gathered seafood consumption data from 1,900 indigenous communities and native coastal people.
Sherry Pictou, former head of the Bear River First Nation, said, "Most significantly, the generation of information about the consumption of fish as food shows that food security and sovereignty must also be part of the conversation about indigenous issues."
The first-of-its-kind global analysis of seafood consumption was reported by researchers in the latest edition of the journal PLoS ONE.